Holistic Treatment in Drug Addiction
A definition provided by WebMD states that holistic medicine is a treatment modality that considers the whole person when providing treatment. The “whole person” part of the definition means including elements of treatment for the body, mind, emotions, spirituality, and even environment when putting together a treatment plan.
Based on these elements, treatment is designed to involve the person in managing various areas of life and applying healing principles to each area. The central philosophy of this treatment modality is that the body has innate healing capabilities, and treatment is designed simply to cause those capabilities to engage, bringing the body, mind, emotions, and spirit back into balance and therefore into that person’s complete picture of health.
Applying this to drug addiction, holistic treatment seeks to provide a variety of techniques that all work together to bring the person into balance, helping to eliminate cravings and creating a lifestyle and personal environment where drugs are no longer needed or desired.
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Common Types of Holistic Treatments
There is a wide variety of treatment types used in holistic treatment. According to the American Holistic Health Association, these include:
- Meditation and yoga
- Brain Wave Biofeedback
- Herbal therapies
The belief is that these practices can help calm the mind, heal the body, soothe the emotions, and strengthen the spirit, together creating an environment that can better help the person to manage triggering situations and decrease cravings.
The challenge is that there isn’t a lot of scientific research behind these practices. As a result, how well they actually do what they are said to do isn’t known yet. An article from Psychology Today indicates that there is little known about the effectiveness of the treatments. While some, like meditation and yoga, do seem to help for measurable reasons – such as lowering stress levels, which can help manage triggers – others do not have a lot of empirical support. Some of the therapies might help simply by making the individual more willing to enter treatment, while others may have no effect at all.
Because of this, it is important for those who are looking for these elements in a treatment program to research both the practice and the facility providing the care. By weighing pros and cons of the treatments and the practitioners, an individual entering drug treatment can be more assured of whether or not the alternative therapy will actually help.
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Pros of Holistic Treatments
A major area in which holistic treatment can help addiction treatment, as described in a chapter from Meditation – Neuroscientific Approaches and Philosophical Implications, is through stress reduction, as well as effects on the dopamine system. Meditation, yoga, prayer, and other holistic practices have been shown to benefit the dopamine system, which is implicated in the development of addiction when drugs throw it out of balance. Stress relief can also help eliminate some of the triggers that might otherwise lead to relapse.
In addition, nutrition and exercise programs can help the body’s neurochemistry by providing needed nutrients, and boosting hormones and neurochemicals that provide natural pleasure, making it less likely that the person will crave drugs.
Other pros of holistic treatments include:
- Comfort with the treatment process
- Increased motivation to continue other, research-based elements of treatment
- A sense of control over the types of treatment used, increasing self-confidence
- Additional tools for managing triggers and cravings
Cons of Holistic Treatments
There are a number of reasons that some people might not prefer holistic treatments. These include:
- Limited research on the effectiveness of these modalities
- High cost of treatment using these methods
- Fear of certain practices, such as acupuncture or hypnotism
- Lack of confidence in the treatment type
- Lack of coverage by insurers
As mentioned in the Psychology Today article, some addiction treatment professionals and researchers caution that until more is known about these methods of treatment, it cannot be known whether some of them are potentially dangerous. A person who decides to pursue holistic treatment should be aware of this possibility before entering a holistic program.
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How to Find Effective Treatment
According to a survey from Pastoral Psychology, 33 percent of treatment centers provide some form of treatment that the center refers to as “holistic.” These practices generally fall into four categories:
- Wellness therapies like exercise, nutrition, and relaxation therapy
- Adventure therapies and recreational activities
- Spiritual practices like yoga or meditation
- Specific physical and mental therapies, like acupuncture
Meditation and prayer are commonly used at treatment centers, and they are seen to be beneficial because of the scientific evidence behind their effects on stress levels and brain chemistry. The availability of other therapies depends on the treatment center.
When looking for a treatment center, aim to find one that offers research-based practices to ensure that treatment is more likely to result in positive progress toward recovery. Centers that offer holistic therapies are more likely to have a positive effect if those methods are combined with traditional therapy and practices that have been shown to lead to more positive success rates, such as Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, 12-Step group participation, and treatment based on the American Society of Addiction Medicine’s recommended practices and placement criteria.
Combining these traditional treatment elements with holistic methods can provide a rounded treatment approach that meets the specific needs of the individual, enhancing the chances that they will emerge from treatment with the ability to avoid relapse and maintain abstinence for the months and years that follow.
Disclaimer: This article is provided for research purposes only. Desert Hope may or may not offer the types of therapies described in this article. If there is interest in any type of holistic treatment, it is recommended that the individual call to find out about available therapy options.